HSRC Publications

HSRC provides access to traffic safety research information from the United States and around the world.

Our publications and presentations reflect the focus of the Center’s research which concentrates on human factors, civil engineering, and design of facilities for pedestrians, cyclists, and motor vehicles.


2017

 

Injury Surveillance Workgroup 8 (L. Sandt, member). (2017). Consensus recommendations for pedestrian injury surveillance. Atlanta, GA: Safe States Alliance.

LaJeunesse, S. (2017, January 8). Theory and Evidence-Based Means of Addressing Speeds and other Risky Behaviors [PowerPoint slides]. Paper presented at the 96th Transportation Research Board Annual Meeting.

Sandt, L. S.: Cohn, J.; West, A.; Johnson, S.; Moose, W.; LaJeunesse, S. (2017). The Role of Law Enforcement in Supporting Pedestrian and Bicycle Safety: Lessons and Examples from North Carolina’s Watch for Me NC Program. Chapel Hill, NC: Pedestrian and bicycle Information Center.

Srinivasan, R.; Carter, D.; Lan, B. (January 2017). Crash Modification Factors for Signal Installation With and Without Left-Turn Lanes on Two-Lane Roads in Rural and Suburban Areas. (Paper 17-03743). Presented at the Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board, Washington, D.C.

Zegeer, C.; Lyon, C.; Srinivasan, R.; Persaud, B.; Lan, B.; Smith, S.; Carter, D.; Thirsk, N.J.; Zegeer, J.; Ferguson, E.; Van Houten, R.; Sundstrom, C. (2017). Development of Crash Modification Factors for Uncontrolled Pedestrian Crossing Treatments, Presented at the Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board, Washington, D.C.

Zegeer, C.; Lyon, C.; Srinivasan, R.; Persaud, B.; Lan, B.; Smith, S.; Carter, D.; Thirsk, N.J.; Zegeer, J.; Ferguson, E.; Van Houten, R.; Sundstrom, C. (2017). Development of Crash Modification Factors for Uncontrolled Pedestrian Crossing Treatments, Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, Issue 2636, pp. 1-8, Washington, D.C.

2016

Bahar, G.; Srinivasan, R.; Gross, F. (2016, August). Reliability of Safety Management Methods: Countermeasure Selection, FHWA Report FHWA-SA-16-039, Federal Highway Administration, Washington, D.C.

Brookshire, K.; Sandt, L.; Sundstrom, C.; Thomas, L.; Blomberg, R. (2016). A Primer for Highway Safety Professionals: Advancing Pedestrian and Bicyclist Safety. (Report No. DOT HS 812 258). Washington, DC: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.

Decina, L. E.; Will, K. E.; Maple, E. L.; Perkins, A. M.; Kirley, B.; Mastromatto, T. (2016, February). Effectiveness of Child Passenger Safety Information for the Safe Transportation of Children. (Report No. DOT HS 812 245). Washington, DC: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.

Gross, F.; Harmon, T.; Albee, M.; Himes, S.; Srinivasan, R.; Carter, D.; Dugas, M.  (2016, October). Evaluation of Four Network Screening Performance Measures, (Report No. FHWA-SA-16-103). Washington, DC: Federal Highway Administration.

Hummer, J.E.; Cunningham, C.M.; Srinivasan, R.; Warchol, S.; Claros, B.; Edara, P.; Sun, C. (2016). Safety Evaluation of Seven of the earliest Diverging Diamond Interchanges Installed in the United States. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, No. 2583, 25-33. doi: 10.3141/2583-04

LaJeunesse, S.; Heiny, S. (2016, December 2). Vision Zero with a Youth Lens: A Positive Deviance Study of Pedestrian and Bicyclist Safety Outcomes [PowerPoint slides]. Paper presented at the 10th University Transportation Center Spotlight Conference Pedestrian and Bicycle Safety.

LaJeunesse, S.; DeMarco, M. (2016, November 1). Physical Activity and Economic Impacts of Walking Distance Signs: A Downtown Chapel Hill, NC Panel Study [PowerPoint slides]. Paper presented at the 144th American Public Health Association Annual Meeting and Expo.

Laustsen, K.; Mah, S.; Semler, C.; Nordback, K.; Sandt, L.; Sundstrom, C.; Raw, J.; Jessberger, S. (2016). Coding Nonmotorized Station Location Information in the 2016 Traffic Monitoring Guide Format. (Report No. FHWA-HEP-17-011). University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill; Kittelson & Associates; Federal Highway Administration.

Sandt, L.; Combs, T.; Cohn, J. (2016, April). Pursuing Equity in Pedestrian and Bicycle Planning. Federal Highway Administration, Washington, DC.

Sandt, L.; Marshall, S.W.; Rodriguez, D.; Evenson, K.; Ennett, S.T.; Robinson, W. (2016, August). Effect of a Community-Based Pedestrian Injury Prevention Program on Driver Yielding Behavior at Marked Crosswalks. Accident Analysis and Prevention. pp. 169-178. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2016.05.004

Semler, C.; Vest, A.; Kingsley, K.; Mah, S.; Kittelson, W.; Sundstrom, C.; Brookshire, K. (2016). Guidebook for Developing Pedestrian and Bicycle Performance Measures. (Report No. FWA-HEP-16-037). Washington, DC: Federal Highway Administration.

Smith, S.; Signor, K. (2016, June) Highway Safety Improvement Program 2015 National Summary Report (Report No. FHWA-SA-16-063). Washington, DC: Federal Highway Administration.

Srinivasan, R.; Colety, M.; Bahar, G.; Crowther, B.; Farmen, M. (2016). Estimation of Calibration Functions for Predicting Crashes on Rural Two Lane Roads in Arizona. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, No. 2583, 17-24. doi: 10.3141/2583-03

Srinivasan, R.; Gross, F.; Lan, B.; Bahar, G. (2016, October). Reliability of Safety Management Methods: Network Screening. (Report No. FHWA-SA-16-037). Washington, DC: Federal Highway Administration.

Srinivasan, R.; Bahar, G.; Gross, F. (2016, September). Reliability of Safety Management Methods: Diagnosis. (Report No. FHWA-SA-16-038). Washington, DC: Federal Highway Administration.

Srinivasan, R.; Gross, F.; Lan, B.; Bahar, G. (2016, March). Reliability of Safety Management Methods: Safety Effectiveness Evaluation. (Report No. FHWA-SA-16-039). Washington, DC: Federal Highway Administration.

Thomas, L. J.; Thirsk, N. J.; Zegeer, C. V. (2016). Application of Pedestrian Crossing Treatments for Streets and Highways. (NCHRP Synthesis Report 498). Washington, DC: National Transportation Research Board.

Zegeer, C.; Srinivasan, R.; Lan, B.; Carter, D.; Smith, S.; Sundstrom, C.; Thirsk, N.J.; Lyon, C.; Persaud, B.; Zegeer, J.; Ferguson, E.; Van Houten, R. (2016). Development of Crash Modification Factors for Uncontrolled Pedestrian Crossing Treatments. Pre-publication draft of NCHRP Research Report 841. Transportation Research Board, Washington, D.C.

2015

Foss, R.D.; Williams, A.F. (2015, July). Adolescent drivers: Fine-tuning our understanding. Journal of Adolescent Health 57(1), S1-S5.

Foss, R.D.; Smith, R.L.; Shi, F.; O’Brien, N.P. (2015, December). School Start Times and Teenage Driver Motor Vehicle Crashes. (Report No: DOT HS 812 221). Washington, DC: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.

Gelinne, D.; Penn, J.; Thomas, L. (2015, December). Case Studies in Delivering Safe, Comfortable, and Connected Pedestrian and Bicycle Networks. Washington, D.C.: Federal Highway Administration.

Goodwin, A. H.; Thomas, L. J.; Kirley, B.; Hall, W. L.; O’Brien, N.; Hill, K. (2015, November). Countermeasures That Work: A Highway Safety Countermeasure Guide for State Highway Safety Offices, 8th Edition (812 202). Washington, DC: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.

LaJeunesse, S.; Pullen-Seufert, N.; Marchetti, L. (2015). Active Routes to School Project Evaluation Baseline Results. Raleigh, NC: Community and Clinical Connections for Prevention and Health, NC Division of Public Health.

LaJeunesse, S.; Srinivasan, R.; Marchetti, L.; Pullen-Seufert, N. (2015, March). Trends in Walking and Bicycling to School from 2007 to 2013. Washington, D.C.: Federal Highway Administration.

Lambert, D.; Marchetti, L.; Oliver, C. (2015). Bicycling to School Together, a Bike Train Planning Guide. Developed as part of the National Center for Safe Routes to School and Schwinn’s Helmets on Heads partnership.

McDonald, C.C.; Goodwin, A.H.; Pradhan, A.K.; Romoser, M.R.E.; Williams, A.F. (2015, July). A Review of Hazard Anticipation Training Programs for Young Drivers. Journal of Adolescent Health, 57, S15-S23. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2015.02.013

McDonald, N.; McGrane, A.; Rodgman, E.; Steiner, R.; Palmer, W.; Lytle, B. (2015, January). Assessing Multimodal School Travel Safety in North Carolina. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 74, 126-132. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2014.10.006

Rosenblatt, B.; Flynn, M.; Sundstrom, C. (2015, October). Separated Bike Lanes go Mainstream. ITE Journal, 85(10), 39-45.

Sandt, L.; LaJeunesse, S.; Cohn, J.; Pullen-Seufert, N.; Gallagher, J. (2015, February). Bicycle and Pedestrian Safety, Education, and Enforcement Campaign: 2014 Program Summary. Watch for Me NC. (NCDOT Contract #2014‐45). Raleigh, N.C.: North Carolina Department of Transportation.

Sandt, L.; Marshall, S.; Ennett, S. (2015). Community-Based Pedestrian and Bicycle Safety Program: Developmental Framework and Process Evaluation. Transportation Research Record, 2519 (51-60). doi: 10.3141/2519-06

Sandt, L.; Thomas, L.; Langford, K.; Nabors, D. (2015, January). A Resident’s Guide for Creating Safer Communities for Walking and Biking. (FHWA-SA-14-099). Washington, D.C.: Federal Highway Administration.

Smith, S. (2015). Synthesis of Countermeasure Service Life and Crash Severity Costs User Guide. Washington, D.C.: Federal Highway Administration.

Srinivasan, R.; Lan, B.; Carter, D. (2014, October). Safety Evaluation of Signal Installation With and Without Left Turn Lanes on Two Lane Roads in Suburban and Rural Areas. (Report No. FHWA/NC/2013-11). Raleigh, N.C.: North Carolina Department of Transportation.

Thomas, L.; Ryus, P.; Semler, C.; Thirsk, N.J.; Krizek, K.; Zegeer, C. (2015, May) Delivering Safe, Comfortable, and Connected Pedestrian and Bicycle Networks: A Review of International Practices. (Report No. FHWA-15-051). Washington, DC: Federal Highway Administration.

Thomas, L.; Thirsk, N.J.; Zegeer, C.V.  (2015, TBP). Application of Pedestrian Crossing Treatments for Streets and Highways. National Cooperative Highway Research Program, Washington DC. Transportation Research Board.

Goodwin, A.; Thomas, L.; Kirley, B.; Hall, W.; O’Brien, N.; Hill, K. (2015, November). Countermeasures That Work: A Highway Safety Countermeasure Guide for State Highway Safety Offices, eighth edition. (Report No. DOT HS 812 202). Washington, DC: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.

HSRC Comprehensive Bibliography – under construction

Baek, J.; Hummer, J. E. (2008). Collision Models for Multilane Highway Segments to Examine Safety of Curbs. Transportation Research Record (2083), 128-136.

Barefoot, J. C.; Gronbaek, M.; Feaganes, J. R.; McPherson, R. S.; Williams, R. B.; Siegler, I. C. (2002). Alcoholic Beverage Preference, Diet, and Health Habits in the UNC Alumni Heart Study. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 76(2), 466-472.

Barry, P. Z.; Roper, R. B.; Pitts, L. (1974). An Analysis of Critical Maneuvers in the Accidents of Young Drivers. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Beirness, D. J.; Foss, R. D.; Desmond, K. J. (2001). Use of Protective Equipment by in-Line Skaters: An Observational Study. Injury prevention, 7(11), 51-55. doi:10.1136/ip.7.1.51

Beirness, D. J.; Foss, R. D.; Mercer, G. W. (1997). Roadside Breathtesting Surveys to Assess the Impact of an Enhanced DWI Enforcement Campaign in British Columbia. Paper presented at the 14th International Council on Alcohol, Drugs and Traffic Safety Conference. September 21-26, 1997.

Beirness, D. J.; Foss, R. D.; Mercer, G. W.; Wilson, R. J. (2000). Roadside Breathtesting Surveys to Assess the Impact of an Enhanced DWI Enforcement Campaign in British Columbia. Paper presented at the 15th International Council on Alcohol, Drugs and Traffic Safety Conference.

Beirness, D. J.; Foss, R. D.; Vogel-Sprott, M. (2004). Drinking on Campus: Self-Reports and Breath Tests. Journal of Studies on Alcohol 65(5), 600-04. doi:10.15288/jsa.2004.65.600; 10.15288/jsa.2004.65.600

Beirness, D. J.; Foss, R. D.; Wilson, R. J. (2004). Tracking the Incidence of Drinking Drivers on the Road at Night in British Columbia: The Results of Roadside Surveys. Paper presented at the Seventeenth International Conference on Alcohol, Drugs & Traffic Safety.

Beltz, M.; Huang, H. F. (1998). Bicycle/Pedestrian Trip Generation Workshop (FHWA RD-97-141). Washington, D.C.: Federal Highway Administration.

Brookshire, K.; Sandt, L.; Sundstrom, C.; Thomas, L.; Blomberg, R. (2016). Advancing pedestrian and bicyclist safety: A primer for highway safety professionals. (Report No. DOT HS 812 258). Washington, DC: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.

Brown, A. L.; Khattak, A. J.; Rodriguez, D. A. (2008). Neighbourhood Types, Travel and Body Mass: A Study of New Urbanist and Suburban Neighbourhoods in the US. Urban Studies, 45(4), 963-988. doi:10.1177/0042098007088477

Buescher, P. A.; Martin, B. A.; Foss, R. D. (1998). Health Consequences of Underage Alcohol Abuse in North Carolina. SCHS Studies(111).

Buescher, P. A.; Martin, B. A.; Foss, R. D. (1999). Health Consequences of Underage Alcohol Use in North Carolina. Epikrisis: Newsletter for the Governor’s Institute on Alcohol and Substance Abuse, Inc.; 10(3), 3.

Bushell, M. A.; Poole, B. W.; Zegeer, C. V.; Rodriguez, D. A. (2013). Costs for Pedestrian and Bicyclist Infrastructure Improvements: A Resource for Researchers, Engineers, Planners, and the General Public. Chapel Hill, NC: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center.

Cairney, Peter. Pedestrian Safety in Australia. 1999.

Campbell, B. J. (1967). The Statistics of Accidents. In Traffic Safety: A National Problem, 5. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Campbell, B. J. (1969). Seat Belt Use Among Drivers in Accidents and Drivers in the Population at Risk. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Campbell, B. J. (1970). Driver Injury in Automobile Accidents Involving Certain Car Models. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Campbell, B. J. (1981). The Young Child in Pedestrian Accidents. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Campbell, B. J. (1981). Three Studies of North Carolina Accident Data: The Use of North Carolina Accident Data for the Study of Ejection; the Use of the Accident Report Form’s Computerized Narrative Description to Study the Contribution of Vehicle Defects to Accident Ocurrence; an Analysis of Reported Tire Defects in North Carolina Accidents. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Campbell, B. J. (1982). Increasing Seat Belt Use in the Community. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Campbell, B. J. (1982). The Use of Incentives to Increase Safety Belt Use. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Campbell, B. J. (1987). The Relationship of Seat Belt Law Enforcement to Level of Belt Use. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Campbell, B. J. (1988). Recommendations for Future Highway Safety Research. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Campbell, B. J. (1992). Reducing Traffic Injury: Size of the Problem and Lack of Research Resources. World Journal of Surgery, 16(3), 384-388. doi:10.1007/BF02104436

Campbell, B. J. (1994). Relationships Between Traffic Congestion and Safety: A Discussion of Issues and Past Research (NTIS PB96-109616). Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Campbell, B. J. (1995). Planning for an Instruction Program Related to Highway Safety Technology Transfer in the Americas. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Campbell, B. J.; Foley, J. P.; Pascarella, E. A. (1971). Bicycle Riding and Accidents Among Youths. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Campbell, B. J.; Hunter, W. W.; Gemming, M. G.; Stewart, J. R. (1984). The Use of Economic Incentives and Public Education to Increase Seat Belt Use in a Community. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Campbell, B. J.; Marchetti, L. M.; Gemming, M. G.; Hunter, W. W. (1984). Community Seat Belt Incentive Programs: A Guidebook. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Campbell, B. J.; Reinfurt, D. W. (1973). The Relationship Between Driver Crash Injury and Passenger Car Weight. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Campbell, B. J.; Shults, R. A.; Rinehart, C.; Sleet, D. A. (2004). Tribute to Patricia Fossum Waller. Journal of Safety Research, 35(1), 1-3. doi:10.1016/j.jsr.2004.01.001

Campbell, B. J.; Stewart, J. R.; Campbell, F. A. (1986). Early Results of Seat Belt Legislation in the United States of America. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Campbell, B. J.; Stewart, J. R.; Reinfurt, D. W. (1991). Change in Injuries Associated with Safety Belt Laws. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 23, 87-93. doi:10.1016/0001-4575(91)90038-7

Campbell, B. J.; Waller, P. F.; Council, F. M. (1967). Seat Belts: A Pilot Study of Their Use Under Normal Driving Conditions. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Campbell, B. J.; Zegeer, C. V.; Huang, H. F.; Cynecki, M. J. (2004). A Review of Pedestrian Safety Research in the United States and Abroad (FHWA RD-03-042). McLean, VA: Federal Highway Administration.

Carroll, C. L.; Lacey, J. H. (1980). A Description of the North Carolina Driver Medical Evaluation System. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Carter, D. L.; Harkey, D. L.; Barlow, J. M.; Bentzen, B. L. (2007). Development of an Intersection Prioritization Tool for Accessible Pedestrian Signal Installation. Transportation research record (1982), 13-20.

Carter, D. L.; Hunter, W. W.; Zegeer, C. V. (2006). Pedestrian and Bicyclist Intersection Safety Indices: Final Report. McLean, VA: Federal Highway Administration.

Carter, D. L.; Hunter, W. W.; Zegeer, C. V. (2007). Pedestrian and Bicyclist Intersection Safety Indices: User Guide. McLean, VA: Federal Highway Administration.

Carter, D. L.; Hunter, W. W.; Zegeer, C. V.; Stewart, J. R.; Huang, H. (2007). Bicyclist Intersection Safety Index. Transportation research record (2031), 18-24.

Carter, D. L.; Srinivasan, R.; Gross, F.; Council, F. (2012). Recommended Protocols for Developing Crash Modification Factors (NCHRP 20-7 314). Washington, DC: American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO) Standing Committee on Highway Traffic Safety.

Chen, L.; Chen, C.; Ewing, R.; McKnight, C.; Srinivasan, R.; Roe, M. (2013). Safety Countermeasures and Crash Reduction in New York City–Experience and Lessons Learned. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 50, 312-322.

Chen, L.; Chen, C.; Srinivasan, R.; McKnight, C.; Ewing, R.; Roe, M. (2012). Evaluating the Safety Effects of Bicycle Lanes in New York City. American Journal of Public Health, 102(6), 1120-1127.

Chen, L.; Council, F. M.; Mohamedshah, Y. (2000). Confirmatory and Exploratory Data Analysis Using PRCO GENMOD: Factors Associated with Red-Light Running Crashes. Paper presented at the Northeast SAS Users Group 13th Annual Conference.

Clarke, A.; Tracy, L. (1995). Bicycle Safety-Related Research Synthesis (FHWA-RD-94-062).

Council, F. M. (1969). Seat Belts: A Follow-Up Study of Their Use Under Normal Driving Conditions. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center, 1969.

Council, F. M. (1970). A Study of the Immediate Effects of Enforcement on Vehicular Speeds. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Council, F. M. (1990). Highway Safety Research and Implementation Funding Needs. US House of Representatives. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Council, F. M. (1998). Safety Benefits of Spiral Transitions on Horizontal Curves on Two-Lane Rural Roads. Transportation research record, 1635, 10-17. doi:10.3141/1635-02

Council, F. M.; Desper, L. P.; Dutt, A. K. (1978). Driver Education for Motorcycle OperationChapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Council, F. M.; Dutt, A. K.; Hunter, W. W.; Leung, A.; Woody, N. (1977). Project Selection for Roadside Hazard Elimination: Volume II. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Council, F. M.; Hall, W. L.; Orr, B. T.; Trinkoff, A. M.; Daniel, R. B. (1980). North Carolina Child Restraint Program: Progress Report on Education and Distribution Activities. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Council, F. M.; Harkey, D. L. (2006). Traffic Safety Information Systems International Scan: Strategy Implementation White Paper. McLean, VA: Federal Highway Administration.

Council, F. M.; Harkey, D. L.; Carter, D. L.; White, B. (2007). Model Minimum Inventory of Roadway Elements – MMIRE. McLean, VA: Federal Highway Administration.

Council, F. M.; Harkey, D. L.; Khattak, A. J.; Mohamedshah, Y. M.; Khattak, A. J. (2003). Examination of Fault, Unsafe Driving Acts, and Total Harm in Car-Truck Collisions. Transportation research record, 1830, 63-71.

Council, F. M.; Harkey, D. L.; Nabors, D. T.; Khattak, A. J.; Mohamedshah, Y. M. (2004). Examination of Fault, Unsafe Driving Acts, and Total Harm in Car-Truck Collisions: Summary Report (FHWA-HRT-04-085 HRDS-06/07-04(1.5M)E). McLean, VA: Federal Highway Administration.

Council, F. M.; Harwood, D. W. (1999). Accident Modification Factors for Use in the Prediction of Safety on Rural Two-Lane Highways. Paper presented at the International Conference – Traffic Safety on Two Continents.

Council, F. M.; Harwood, D. W.; Potts, I. B. (2008). Safety Data and Analysis in Developing Area Emphasis Plans (Vol. 21). Washington D.C.: Transportation Research Board.

Council, F. M.; Hunter, W. W. (1974). Seat Belt Usage and Benefits in North Carolina Accidents. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Council, F. M.; Hunter, W. W.; Reinfurt, D. W.; Stewart, J. R. (1983). Exposure Measures for Evaluating Highway Safety Issues: Volume 1. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Council, F. M.; Mohamedshah, Y.; Stewart, J. (1997). Effects of Air Bags on Severity Indexes for Roadside Objects. Transportation research record, 1581, 66-71. doi:10.3141/1581-09

Council, F. M.; Paniati, J. F. (1990). The Highway Safety Information System. Public Roads, 54(3), 234-40.

Council, F. M.; Paniati, J. F. (1997). The Highway Safety Information System: Transforming Data into Knowledge. Public Roads, 60(3), 4-9.

Council, F. M.; Pitts, L.; Sadof, M.; Dart, O. K. (1975). An Examination of the Effects of the 55 mph Speed Limit on North Carolina Accidents. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Council, F. M.; Reinfurt, D. W.; Campbell, B. J.; Roediger, F. L.; Carroll, C. L.; Dutt, A. K.; Dunham, J. R. (1980). Accident Research Manual. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Council, F. M.; Reinfurt, D. W.; Knoblauch, R. N.; Stewart, J. R.; McHenry, B. G. (1987). Safe Geometric Design for Minicars. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Council, F. M.; Srinivasan, R.; Masten, S.; Carter, D. L.; Reurings, M. (2010, April). Development of a Speeding-Related Crash Typology (FHWA-HRT-10-024). McLean, VA: Federal Highway Administration.

Council, F. M.; Stewart, J. R. (1995). Development of Severity Indices for Roadside Objects (FHWA RD-95-165, National Technical Information Service Order Number: PB96-125448INZ). Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Council, F. M.; Stewart, J. R. (1998). The Effects of Airbags on Severity Indices for Roadside Objects (FHWA-RD-98-056). Washington, D.C.: Federal Highway Administration.

Council, F. M.; Stewart, J. R. (1999). Safety Effects of the Conversion of Rural Two-Lane to Four-Lane Roadways Based on Cross-Sectional Models (FHWA RD-99-206). Washington, D.C.: Federal Highway Administration.

Council, F. M.; Stewart, J. R. (1999). Safety Effects of the Conversion of Rural Two-Lane to Four-Lane Roadways Based on Cross-Sectional Models. Transportation research record, 1665, 35-43. doi:10.3141/1665-06

Council, F. M.; Stewart, J. R. (2000). Safety Effects of the Conversion of Rural Two-Lane to Four-Lane Roadways. ITE journal, 70(4), 37-42.

Council, F. M.; Stewart, J. R.; Cox, C. L. (1997). A New Method for Predicting Crashworthiness. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 29(1), 109-123. doi:10.1016/S0001-4575(96)00052-8

Council, F. M.; Stewart, J. R.; Masten, S.; Carter, D.; Reurings, M. (2010). Development of a Speeding-Related Crash Typology: Summary Report (FHWA-HRT-10-039). McLean, VA: Federal Highway Administration.

Council, F. M.; Stewart, J. R.; Mohamedshah, Y. M. (1997). The Effects of Airbags on Severity Indices for Roadside Objects. Transportation research record, 1581.

Council, F. M.; Stewart, J. R.; Reinfurt, D. W.; Hunter, W. W. (1983). Exposure Measures for Evaluating Highway Safety Issues. Volume 2 – User Manual. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Council, F. M.; Stewart, J. R.; Rodgman, E. A. (1991). Evaluation of a Defensive Driving Course/Citation-Dismissal Program in North Carolina. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Council, F. M.; Waller, P. F.; Gallagher, S. S. (1998). Highway Safety Programs and the Need for Quality-Based Methods. Quality Progress, 31(2), 31-34.

Council, F. M.;  Paniati, J. F. (1991). The Highway Safety Information System: Applications and Future Directions. Public Roads, 54(4), 271-278.

Council, F.M.; Allen, J. A.; Jr. (1974). A Study of the Visual Fields of North Carolina Drivers and Their Relationship to Accidents (UNC/HSRC–74/12/6). Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Crashworthiness: Safety Through Automotive Design. (1972).  (P. F. Waller Ed.  Vol. 6). Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Crow, M.; Halladay, M. L.; Martinovich, S.; DeLucia, B. H.; Harkey, D. L.; McNamara, D. J.; Ellison, J. W.; Lacy, J. K.; Serian, B. L.; Griffith, M. S.; MacGregor, S. (2004). Traffic Safety Information Systems in Europe and Australia (FHWA-PL-04-010). Washington, DC: Federal Highway Administration.

Crump, C. E.; Benson, E. B.; Stutts, J. C. (1998). Assessing Community Policies and Environmental Support for Physical Activity. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Center for Health Promotion and Disease Prevention.

Crump, C. E.; Long, J.; Pein, W. E. (1998). Trail User Surveys: Administrative Manual. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Crump, C. E.; Stutts, J. C.; Benson, E. B.; Pein, W. E. (1998). Bicycle and Pedestrian Facilities Design and Programs Survey. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Crump, C. E.; Stutts, J. C.; Yang, J.; Milio, N.; Wing, S.; Berman, M.; Zacocs, R.; Veney, J. (1995). Evaluation of Policy-Directed Environmental Changes to Enhance Community Levels of Physical Activity: Methods Development. Retrieved from Chapel Hill, NC:

Davies, D. G. (1999). Research, Development, and Implementation of Pedestrian Safety Facilities in the United Kingdom (FHWA-RD-99-089). Washington, D.C.: Federal Highway Administration.

de Savornin Lohman, L. S.; Leggett, E. C.; Stewart, J.; Campbell, B. J. (1976). Identification of Unsafe Driving Actions and Related Countermeasures. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

de Savornin Lohman, L. S.; Waller, P. F. (1975). Trucks: An Analysis of Accident Characteristics by Vehicle Weight. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

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Foss, R. D. (2000). Reducing Fatal Crash Risk Among Teenaged Drivers: Structuring an Effective Graduated Licensing System. Journal of the American Medical Association, 283(12), 1617-1618. doi:10.1001/jama.283.12.1617

Foss, R. D. (2001). Prevalence of Drivers and Drinkers with Low BACs. In Low Blood Alcohol Concentrations: Scientific and Policy Issues. Washington DC: National Research Centre.

Foss, R. D. (2001). The North Carolina Graduated Driver Licensing System: Urban-Rural Differences. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Foss, R. D. (2002). Graduated Driver Licensing: What Works? Discussion Paper. Injury prevention, 8(Supplement II), ii32-ii38. doi:10.1136/ip.8.suppl_2.ii32

Foss, R. D. (2007). Addressing Behavioral Elements in Traffic Safety: A Recommended Approach. In J. P. Kissinger (Ed.), Improving Traffic Safety Culture in the United States: The Journey Forward. Washington, D.C.: AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety.

Foss, R. D. (2007). Improving Graduated Driver Licensing Systems: A Conceptual Approach and Its Implications. Journal of Safety Research, 38(2), 185-192. doi:10.1016/j.jsr.2007.02.006

Foss, R. D. (2011). The Myth of Binge Drinking: Field Studies of Alcohol Use in North America – Adapting Roadside Survey Techniques to Other Domains. Presented in Tel Aviv, Israel.

Foss, R. D. (2012). Building Partnerships to Promote & Strengthen Graduated Driver Licensing. Paper presented at the 2012 Joint Annual Meeting of the Safe States Alliance and CDC Core Violence and Injury Prevention Program.

Foss, R. D. (2012). Parent Surveys in Rural States: Driving Age Opinions & Behaviors. Paper presented at the Transportation Research Board 91st Annual Meeting.

Foss, R. D. (2012). Thinking Clearly About Graduated Driver Licensing: Is Your State’s Teenage Driver Licensing System Stellar or Porous? Paper presented at the 2012 Joint Annual Meeting of the Safe States Alliance and CDC Core Violence and Injury Prevention Program.

Foss, R. D.; Bartley, C. L.; Smith, G. S. (2000). Alcohol and Boating-related Fatalities in North Carolina. Paper presented at the 15th International Council on Alcohol, Drugs and Traffic Safety Conference.

Foss, R. D.; Beirness, D. J. (2000). Bicycle Helmet Use in British Columbia: Effects of the Helmet Use Law. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Foss, R. D.; Beirness, D. J.; Sprattler, K. (1994). Seat Belt Use Among Drinking Drivers in Minnesota. American Journal of Public Health, 84(11), 1732-1737. doi:10.2105/AJPH.84.11.1732

Foss, R. D.; Beirness, D. J.; Wells, J. K.; Williams, A. W. (1995). Roadside Surveys in Conjunction with Sobriety Checkpoints. Paper presented at the 13th International Council on Alcohol, Drugs and Traffic Safety Conference.

Foss, R. D.; Diekman S.; Goodwin, A. H.; Bartley, C. (2003). Enhancing a Norms Program to Reduce High-Risk Drinking Among First Year Students. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Foss, R. D.; Evenson, K. R. (1999). The Effectiveness of Graduated Driver Licensing Systems and Nighttime Curfews in Reducing Motor Vehicle Crash Fatalities and Injuries Among Young Drivers. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 16(1S), 47-56. doi:10.1016/S0749-3797(98)00112-3

Foss, R. D.; Feaganes, J. R.; Rodgman, E. A. (2001). Initial Effects of Graduated Driver Licensing on 16-Year-Old Driver Crashes in North Carolina. Journal of the American Medical Association, 286(213), 1588-1592.

Foss, R. D.; Goodwin, A. H. (2003). Enhancing the Effectiveness of Graduated Driver Licensing Legislation. Journal of Safety Research, 34(1), 79-84. doi:10.1016/S0022-4375(02)00083-X

Foss, R. D.; Goodwin, A. H. (2004, 2004). Rural Alcohol-related Crashes in North Carolina: Characteristics and Enforcement Options. Paper presented at the Seventeenth International Conference on Alcohol, Drugs & Traffic Safety.

Foss, R. D.; Goodwin, A. H. (2014). Distracted Driver Behaviors and Distracting Conditions Among Adolescent Drivers: Findings From a Naturalistic Driving Study. Journal of Adolescent Health, 54(5, Supplement), S50-S60. doi:10.1016/j.jadohealth.2014.01.005

Foss, R. D.; Harkey, D. L.; Reinfurt, D. W.; Marchetti, L. M. (1996). Reducing Alcohol-Related Pedestrian Fatalities: Design of a Model Program. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Foss, R. D.; Harkey, D. L.; Reinfurt, D. W.; Marchetti, L. M. (1997). High Alcohol-Involved Pedestrian Crash Sites: Driver and Pedestrian Behaviors. Paper presented at the 14th International Council on Alcohol, Drugs and Traffic Safety Conference.

Foss, R. D.; Holladay, K. S.; Bartley, C. L.; Marchetti, L. M. (2000). BACs of University Students Returning Home at Night. Paper presented at the 15th International Council on Alcohol, Drugs and Traffic Safety Conference.

Foss, R. D.; Marchetti, L. M.; Holladay, K. S. (2001). Development and Evaluation of a Comprehensive Program to Reduce Drinking and Impaired Driving Among College Students (DOT HS 809 396). Washington, DC: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.

Foss, R. D.; Margolis, L. H. (1997). Alcohol Involvement in Motor Vehicle-related Child Fatalities and Injuries. Paper presented at the 14th International Council on Alcohol, Drugs and Traffic Safety Conference.

Foss, R. D.; Martell, C. A. (2013). Did Graduated Licensing Increase the Number of Newly Licensed 18-Year-Old drivers in North Carolina? [Slide presentation]. Presented at the 92nd Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board. Also presented at the Lifesavers National Conference on Highway Safety Priorities.

Foss, R. D.; Martell, C. A.; Stewart, J. R. (1995). Effect of the 0.08% BAC Law on the North Carolina Substance Abuse Assessment Program. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Foss, R. D.; Martell, C.; Goodwin, A.; O’Brien, N. (2011). Measuring Changes in Teenage Driver Crash Characteristics During the Early Months of Driving. Washington, DC: AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety.

Foss, R. D.; Masten, S. V.; Goodwin, A.; O’Brien, N. P. (2012). The Role of Supervised Driving Requirements in Graduated Driver Licensing Programs (DOT-HS-811-550). Washington, DC: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.

Foss, R. D.; Stewart, J. R.; Martell, C. A. (1993). Substance Abuse Assessment of North Carolina Drivers Convicted of DWI Since January 1990 (PB94-207735). Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Foss, R. D.; Stewart, J. R.; Reinfurt, D. W. (1998). Evaluation of the Effects of North Carolina’s New 0.08% BAC Law (DOT HS 808 893).  Washington, D.C.: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.

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Foss, R. D.; Stewart, J. R.; Reinfurt, D. W. (2001). Evaluation of the Effects of North Carolina’s 0.08% BAC Law. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 33(4), 507-517. doi:10.1016/S0001-4575(00)00064-6

Foss, R. D.; Tolbert, W. G. (1995). Graduated Driver Licensing: A Proposed Solution for the Novice Driver Problem in North Carolina. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

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Hauer, E.; Bonneson, J. A.; Council, F. M.; Srinivasan, R.; Zegeer, C. V. (2012). Crash Modification Factors: Foundational Issues. Paper presented at the Transportation Research Board 91st Annual Meeting.

Hauer, E.; Bonneson, J. A.; Council, F. M.; Srinivasan, R.; Zegeer, C. V. (2012). Crash Modification Factors: Foundational Issues. Transportation research record, 2279, 67-74. doi:10.3141/2279-08

Hauer, E.; Council, F. M.; Mohammedshah, Y. (2004). Safety Models for Urban Four-Lane Undivided Road Segments. Transportation research record, 1897, 96-105. doi:10.3141/1897-13

Hauer, E.; Harwood, D.W.; Council, F.M.; Griffith, M.S. (2002). Estimating Safety by the Empirical Bayes Method: A Tutorial. Transportation research record, 1784, 126-131. doi:10.3141/1784-16

Hochberg, Y.; Reinfurt, D.W. (1975). An Investigation of Safety Belt Usage and Effectiveness. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Hochberg, Y.; Stutts, J. C.; Reinfurt, D. W. (1976). The Randomized Response Technique: A Review and Application. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

House, E. G.; Waller, P. F. (1976). Driver Improvement Measures: An Evaluation Based on Conviction and Crash Records. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Huang, H. F. (1998). Data Development for Safe Route to School and Safe Bicycle Route. Raleigh, NC: North Carolina State Center for Geographic Information and Analysis.

Huang, H. F. (1999). Florida Pedestrian Planning and Design Handbook. Tallahassee, FL: Florida Department of Transportation.

Huang, H. F.; Cynecki, M. J. (2000). Effects of Traffic Calming Measures on Pedestrian and Motorist Behavior. Transportation research record, 1705, 26-31. doi:10.3141/1705-05

Huang, H. F.; Cynecki, M. J. (2001). Effects of Traffic Calming Measures on Pedestrian and Motorist Behavior (FHWA-RD-00-104). McLean, VA: Federal Highway Administration.

Huang, H. F.; Hughes, R. G.; Zegeer, C. V.; Nitzburg, M. (1999). An Evaluation of the LightGuard™ Pedestrian Crosswalk Warning System. Tallahassee, FL: Florida Department of Transportation, Pedestrian/Bicycle Safety Section.

Huang, H. F.; Hunter, W. W. (2000). An Analysis of Speeding and Speed-Related Crashes in North Carolina Work Zones. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Huang, H. F.; Schneider, R. J.; Zegeer, C. V.; Khattak, A. J.; Amerlynck, V. J.; Lacy, J. K. (2001). Identification of Severe Crash Factors and Countermeasures in North Carolina. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Huang, H. F.; Stewart, J. R.; Zegeer, C. V. (2004). Evaluation of Lane Reduction” Road Diet” Measures and Their Effects on Crashes and Injuries (FHWA-HRT-04-082). McLean, VA: Federal Highway Administration.

Huang, H. F.; Stewart, J. R.; Zegeer, C. V.; Tan Esse, C. H. (2003). How Much Do You Lose When Your Road Goes on a Diet? Paper presented at the 2nd Urban Street Symposium.

Huang, H. F.; Stutts, J. C.; Hunter, W. W. (2003). Characteristics of Cell Phone-Related Motor Vehicle Crashes in North Carolina. Transportation research record, 1843, 10-19. doi:10.3141/1843-02

Huang, H. F.; Syresty, J. R.; Zegeer, C. V. (2002). Evaluation of Lane Reduction “Road Diet” Measures on Crashes and Injuries. Transportation research record, 1784, 80-90. doi:10.3141/1784-11

Huang, H. F.; Zegeer, C. V. (2000). An Evaluation of Illuminated Pedestrian Push Buttons in Windsor, Ontario (FHWA-RD-00-102). McLean, VA: Federal Highway Administration.

Huang, H. F.; Zegeer, C. V. (2002). The Effects of “Road Diets” on Traffic Crashes and Injuries. Paper presented at the 2002 Spring Conference and Exhibit Compendium of Technical Papers.

Huang, H. F.; Zegeer, C. V.; Nassi, R. (2000). Effects of Innovative Pedestrian Signs at Unsignalized Locations: Three Treatments. Transportation research record, 1705, 43-52. doi:10.3141/1705-08

Huang, H. F.; Zegeer, C. V.; Nassi, R. (2000). Innovative Treatments at Unsignalized Pedestrian Crossing Locations. Paper presented at the ITE 2000 Annual Meeting.

Huang, H. F.; Zegeer, C. V.; Nassi, R.; Fairfax, B. (2000). The Effects of Innovative Pedestrian Signs at Unsignalized Locations: A Tale of Three Treatments (FHWA-RD-00-098). McLean, VA: Federal Highway Administration.

Hughes, R. G. (1993). Recommendations for an Expanded ATIS Function Under the CARAT Design-Build-Warrant Approach. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Hughes, R. G. (1994). Development of a General Evaluation Plan for CARAT (Congestion Avoidance and Reduction for Autos and Trucks) (FHWA IVH 9937). Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Hughes, R. G. (1994). IVHS: The Marriage of Transportation and Communications. Transportation Quarterly, 48(3), 249-256.

Hughes, R. G. (1995). An Evaluation of Detectable Warnings in Curb Ramps: Mobility Considerations for the Blind and Visually Impaired. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Hughes, R. G. (1995). Implementation Guide for CARAT – Congestion Avoidance and Reduction for Autos and Trucks (PB–95-240511/XAB; NC/RD–95-001). Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Hughes, R. G. (1997). Applying Intelligent Transportation System (ITS) Concepts to Pedestrian Requirements. ITS Quarterly, 5(2), 35-49.

Hughes, R. G. (1998). Guidelines for the Use of Visualization. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Hughes, R. G. (1998). The Future of Simulation and Modeling in the Florida DOT. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Hughes, R. G. (1998). Truck-Involved Crashes and County Population Size. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Hughes, R. G. (1999). Variations in Average Vehicle Speeds and the Likelihood of Peak Period Crashes on a U.S. Freeway. Road & Transport Research, 8(3), 34-42.

Hughes, R. G. (2000). Truck Safety in North Carolina: Effectiveness of NCDMV Enforcement Efforts in FY1999. Retrieved from https://trid.trb.org/view.aspx?id=673505

Hughes, R. G. (2001). Visualization: Guidance for the Project Engineer. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Hughes, R. G. (2003). Visualization: Where Should Our Direction Lie? Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Hughes, R. G. (2003). Data Sources and their Operational Application to Commercial Motor Vehicle Enforcement. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Hughes, R. G.; Gray, G.; Higgins, H. (2002). An Application of GIS and GPS to Enforcement ‘Targeting’. Paper presented at the 9th World Congress on Intelligent Transport Systems, Chicago.

Hughes, R. G.; Harkey, D. L. (1997, 1997). Cyclists’ Perception of Risk in a Virtual Environment: Effects of Lane Conditions, Traffic Speed, and Traffic Volume. Paper presented at the Traffic Congestion and Traffic Safety in the 21st Century: Challenges, Innovations, and Opportunities.

Hughes, R. G.; Harkey, D. L. (1999). Using Visual Simulation to Evaluate Bicyclists’ Perceptions of Selected Risk Factors. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Hughes, R. G.; Harkey, D. L.; Rouphail, N. M.; Wan, B.; Chae, K. S. (2002). Evaluation and Application of Pedestrian Modeling Capabilities Using Computer Simulation. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Hughes, R. G.; Hauser, E.; Beale, C. (1993). Establishing a Human Factors Focus and Approach for North Carolina’s IVHS Efforts. Paper presented at the ASCE Third International Conference on Applications of Advanced Technologies in Transportation Engineering (Pacific Rim Transportation Technology Conference).

Hughes, R. G.; Huang, H. F.; Zegeer, C. V. (1999). ITS and Pedestrian Safety: An Evaluation of Automatic Pedestrian Detection at Signalized Intersections. ITS Quarterly, VII(2), 37-45.

Hughes, R. G.; Huang, H. F.; Zegeer, C. V.; Cynecki, M. (2000). Automated Detection of Pedestrians in Conjunction with Standard Pedestrian Push Buttons at Signalized Intersections. Transportation research record, 1705, 32-39. doi:10.3141/1705-06

Hughes, R. G.; Huang, H. F.; Zegeer, C. V.; Cynecki, M. J. (2000). Evaluation of Automated Pedestrian Detection at Signalized Intersections (FHWA-RD-00-97). McLean, VA: Federal Highway Administration.

Hughes, R. G.; Huang, H.; Zegeer, C. V.; Cynecki, M. (1999). Automated Pedestrian Detection used in Conjunction with Standard Pedestrian Push Buttons at Signalized Intersections. Paper presented at the ITE International Conference.

Hughes, R. G.; Kelly, M.; Dingus, T. (1993). A Preliminary Human Factors Evaluation of the CARAT System Design. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Hughes, R. G.; Moore, H. (1994). ATMS Manpower/Personnel Design Considerations Under a Design-Build Approach. Paper presented at the IVHS America Conference.

Hughes, R. G.; Rodgman, E. A. (2000). Commercial Bus Crashes in North Carolina 1995-1999. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Hughes, R. G.; Rodgman, E. A. (2000). Commercial Vehicle Safety in North Carolina: An Analysis of Crash Data for the Period 1995-1999. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Hughes, R. G.; Rodgman, E. A. (2000). Crashes Involving Farm Tractors and Other Farm Vehicles/Equipment in North Carolina 1995-1999. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Hughes, R. G.; Shortal, P.; O’Connor, B. J.; McCabe, K. (1998). The Effectiveness of 3D/4D Visualization Methods for Engineering Design and Public Involvement: A Case Study (FHWA-RD-98-173). Washington, DC: Federal Highway Administration.

Hughes, R. G.; Stewart, J. R.; Rodgman, E. A. (1999). Prior Driver Performance and Expressed Attitudes Toward Risk as Factors Associated with Railroad Grade Crossing Violations. Raleigh, NC: North Carolina Department of Transportation, Rail Division.

Hughes, R. G.; Stewart, J. R.; Rodgman, E. A.; Martel, C.; Pein, W. E. (1999). Large Trucks Involved in Fatal Crashes: The North Carolina Data 1993-1997. Raleigh, NC: North Carolina Governor’s Highway Safety Program.

Hughes, R. G.; Tan Esse, C. (1999). An Evaluation of the 3D/4D Visualization Process as Applied to the FDOT Roosevelt Boulevard PD&E Study. Washington, D.C.: Federal Highway Administration.

Hughes, R. G.; Turner, S.; Landphair, H. (2002). On the Integrated Application of Modeling, Simulation, and 3D/4D Visualization: The Concept of a ‘Laboratory’ for Non-Motorized Travel Research. Paper presented at the 9th World Congress on Intelligent Transport Systems, Chicago.

Hughes, W. E.; Reinfurt, D. W.; Yohanan, D.; Rouchon, M.; McGee, H. W. (1993). New and Emerging Technologies for Improving Accident Data Collection (NTIS PB94-109428). McLean, VA: Federal Highway Administration.

Hummel, T. (1999). Dutch Pedestrian Safety Research Review. (FHWA-RD-99-092). McLean, VA: Federal Highway Administration.

Hummer, J.; Rasdorf, W.; Findley, D.; Zegeer, C.; Sundstrom, C. (2010). Examination of Horizontal Curve Collision Characteristics and Corresponding Countermeasures. Paper presented at the 89th Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board.

Hunter, W. W. (1978). Problem Analysis of Moped Accidents in the United States. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Hunter, W. W. (1997). Bicycle Lanes versus Wide Curb Lanes: Operational and Safety Findings. Paper presented at the Velo City ’97 – Tenth International Bicycle Planning Conference.

Hunter, W. W. (1998). An Evaluation of Red Shoulders as a Bicycle and Pedestrian Facility. Tallahassee, FL: Florida Department of Transportation.

Hunter, W. W. (1998). Bicycle Compatible Roadways: A Study of Bicycle Lanes Versus Wide Curb Lanes. In Resource Book: Creating Bicycle-Friendly and Walkable Communities, Building for the Next Generation, Pro Bike Pro Walk 98 (pp. 87-91). Washington, D.C.: Bicycle Federation of America.

Hunter, W. W. (1998). Innovative On-Street Bicycle Treatments. Creating Bicycle-Friendly and Walkable Communities, Building for the Next Generation, Pro Bike Pro Walk 98 (pp. 115-117). Washington, D.C.: Bicycle Federation of America.

Hunter, W. W. (2000). Evaluation of a Combined Bicycle Lane/Right Turn Lane in Eugene, Oregon (FHWA-RD-00-151). McLean, VA: Federal Highway Administration.

Hunter, W. W. (2000). Evaluation of an Innovative Application of the Bike Box (FHWA-RD-00-141). McLean, VA: Federal Highway Administration.

Hunter, W. W. (2000). Evaluation of Innovative Bike-Box Application in Eugene, Oregon. Transportation research record, 1705, 99-106. doi:10.3141/1705-15

Hunter, W. W. (2000). Evaluation of the Blue Bike Lane Treatment Used in Bicycle-Motor Vehicle Conflicts Areas in Portland, Oregon (FHWA-RD-00-140). McLean, VA: Federal Highway Administration.

Hunter, W. W.; Bundy, H. L. (1975). A Study of the Effect of the Speed Check Zone Concept. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Hunter, W. W.; Cole, D. G.; Leggett, E. C. (1978). An Analysis of Bicycle Accidents in North Carolina: 1974-1976. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Hunter, W. W.; Council, F. M. (1996). Future of Real World Roadside Safety Data. Transportation Research Circular, 453.

Hunter, W. W.; Council, F. M.; Dutt, A. K. (1977). Project Selection for Roadside Hazard Elimination: Volume I. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Hunter, W. W.; Council, F. M.; Dutt, A. K.; Cole, D. G. (1977). Methodology for Ranking Roadside Hazard Correction Programs. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Hunter, W. W.; Feaganes, J. R. (2004). Effect of Wide Curb Lane Conversions on Bicycle and Motor Vehicle Interactions. Tallahassee, FL: Florida Department of Transportation.

Hunter, W. W.; Foss, R. D.; Stutts, J. C.; Perriello, P. D.; Tolbert, W. G. (1999). A Statewide Survey of Bicycle Helmet Use in North Carolina. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Hunter, W. W.; Geissinger, S. B. (1987). Understanding and Acceptance of the North Carolina Safety Belt Use Law. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Hunter, W. W.; Harkey, D. L.; Stewart, J. R.; Birk, M. L. (2000). Evaluation of Blue Bike-Lane Treatment in Portland, Oregon. Transportation research record, 1705, 26-31. doi:10.3141/1705-16

Hunter, W. W.; Harkey, D. L.; Stewart, J. R.; Birk, M. L.; Burchfield, R.; Flecker, J. (1999). Portland’s Blue Bike Lanes – Improved Safety through Enhanced Visibility. Portland, OR: City of Portland Office of Transportation.

Hunter, W. W.; Huang, H. F. (1995). User Counts on Bicycle Lanes and Multiuse Trails in the United States. Transportation research record (1502), 45-57.

Hunter, W. W.; Huang, H. F.; Pein, W. E. (1994). A Compendium of Available Bicycle and Pedestrian Trip Generation Data in United States (FHWA-PD-95-0009, National Technical Information Service Order Number: PB95-263539INZ.). Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Hunter, W. W.; Hunter, R. H. (2008). Walk Wise, Drive Smart: A Senior Pedestrian Safety Program in Hendersonville, North Carolina. Washington, DC: National highway Traffic Safety Administration.

Hunter, W. W.; Lowrance, J. C.; Marchetti, L. M. (1991). Community Safety Belt Programs: A Guidebook for Law Enforcement Agencies. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Hunter, W. W.; M\archetti, L. M.; Stutts, J. C.; Little, C.; Stewart, J. R.; Reinfurt, D. W. (1991). An Evaluation of Non-Sanction Community Seat Belt Law Enforcement Programs. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Hunter, W. W.; Marchetti, L. M.; Campbell, B. J.; Pein, W. E.; Stutts, J. C.; Kinneer, P. M.; Cox, C. L. (1993). Evaluation of Community Traffic Safety Programs (NTIS PB94-207628). Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Hunter, W. W.; Pein, W. E.; Stutts, J. C. (1995). Bicycle/Motor Vehicle Crash Types: The Early 1990s. Transportation research record (1502), 65-74.

Hunter, W. W.; Pein, W. E.; Stutts, J. C. (1997). Bicycle Crash Types: A 1990’s Informational Guide (FHWA/RD-96/104. National Technical Information Service Order Number: PB98-109663INZ.). Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Hunter, W. W.; Reinfurt, D. W.; St. Cyr, C.; Stewart, J. R.; Hirsch, M. G.; Little, C. M.; Stutts, J. C. (1990). Analysis of Occupant Restraint Issues from State Accident Data. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Hunter, W. W.; Reinfurt, D. W.; Stutts, J. C.; St. Cyr, C.; Hall, W. L. (1989). Increased Seat Belt Use Through Police Actions. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Hunter, W. W.; Rodgman, E. A.; Stewart, J. R.; Stutts, J. C. (1988). Overrepresentation of Seat Belt Non-Users in Traffic Crashes. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Hunter, W. W.; Srinivasan, R.; Martell, C. (2012). Evaluation of Rectangular Rapid Flash Beacon at a Pinellas Trail Crossing in St. Petersburg, Florida. Transportation research record, 2314, 7-13. doi:10.3141/2314-02

Hunter, W. W.; Srinivasan, R.; Martell, C. A. (2008). Evaluation of a Green Bike Lane Weaving Area in St. Petersburg, Florida. Tallahassee, FL: Florida Department of Transportation.

Hunter, W. W.; Srinivasan, R.; Martell, C. A. (2009). An Examination of Bicycle Counts and Speeds Associated with the Installation of Bike Lanes in St. Petersburg, Florida. Tallahassee, FL: Florida Department of Transportation.

Hunter, W. W.; Srinivasan, R.; Martell, C. A. (2009). Evaluation of the Rectangular Rapid Flash Beacon at a Pinellas Trail Crossing in St. Petersburg, Florida. Tallahassee, FL: Florida Department of Transportation.

Hunter, W. W.; Srinivasan, R.; Martell, C. A. (2010). Change in Amount of Bicycling Associated with Installation of Bike Lanes in St. Petersburg, Florida. Paper presented at the 89th Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board.

Hunter, W. W.; Srinivasan, R.; Martell, C. A. (2012). Evaluation of Shared Lane Markings in Miami Beach, Florida. Tallahassee, FL: Florida Department of Transportation.

Hunter, W. W.; Srinivasan, R.; Martell, C. A. (2012). Evaluation of the Rectangular Rapid Flash Beacon at a Pinellas Trail Crossing in St. Petersburg, Florida. Paper presented at the Transportation Research Board 91st Annual Meeting.

Hunter, W. W.; Srinivasan, R.; Thomas, L.; Martell, C.; Seiderman, C. B. (2011). Evaluation of Shared Lane Markings in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Transportation research record, 2247, 72-80. doi:10.3141/2247-09

Hunter, W. W.; Stewart, J. R. (1999). An Evaluation of Bike Lanes Adjacent to Motor Vehicle Parking. Tallahassee, FL: Florida Department of Transportation, Pedestrian/Bicycle Safety Section.

Hunter, W. W.; Stewart, J. R.; Council, F. M. (1993). Comparative Performance of Barrier and End Treatment Types Using the Longitudinal Barrier Special Study File. Transportation research record (1419), 63-77.

Hunter, W. W.; Stewart, J. R.; Council, F. M. (1994). A Comparative Performance Study of Longitudinal Roadside Barriers and End Treatments. Paper presented at the International Conference on Strategic Highway Research Program (SHRP) and Traffic Safety on Two Continents.

Hunter, W. W.; Stewart, J. R.; Council, F. M. (1994). A Comparative Performance Study of Longitudinal Roadside Barriers and End Treatments. Paper presented at the International Conference on Strategic Highway Research Program (SHRP) and Traffic Safety on Two Continents.

Hunter, W. W.; Stewart, J. R.; Eccles, K. A.; Huang, H. F.; Council, F. M.; Harkey, D. L. (2000). Three-Strand Cable Median Barrier in North Carolina: In-Service Evaluation. Transportation research record, 1743, 97-103. doi:10.3141/1743-13

Hunter, W. W.; Stewart, J. R.; Krull, K. A.; Huang, H. F.; Council, F. M.; Harkey, D. L. (1999). In-Service Crash Evaluation of Three-Strand Cable Median Barrier in North Carolina. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Hunter, W. W.; Stewart, J. R.; Stutts, J. C. (1999). Study of Bicycle Lanes Versus Wide Curb Lanes. Transportation research record, 1674, 70-77. doi:10.3141/1674-10

Hunter, W. W.; Stewart, J. R.; Stutts, J. C.; Huang, H. H.; Pein, W. E. (1999). A Comparative Analysis of Bicycle Lanes versus Wide Curb Lanes (FHWA-RD-99-034). Washington, DC: Federal Highway Administration.

Hunter, W. W.; Stewart, J. R.; Stutts, J. C.; Huang, H.; Pein, W. E. (1999). Bicycle Lanes versus Wide Curb Lanes: Operational and Safety Findings, and Countermeasure Recommendations (FHWA RD-99-035). Washington, DC: Federal Highway Administration.

Hunter, W. W.; Stewart, J. R.; Stutts, J. C.; Marchetti, L. M. (1993).  Nonsanction Seat Belt Law Enforcement: A Modern Day Tale of Two Cities. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 25(5), 511-520. doi:10.1016/0001-4575(93)90002-E

Hunter, W. W.; Stewart, J. R.; Stutts, J. C.; Rodgman, E. A. (1993). Observed and Self-Reported Seat Belt Wearing as Related to Prior Traffic Accidents and Convictions. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 25(5), 545-554. doi:10.1016/0001-4575(93)90006-I

Hunter, W. W.; Stewart, J. R.; Van Heusen-Causey, S. (2000). An Overview of Rural Speed Crashes in North Carolina 1994-1999. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Hunter, W. W.; Stutts, J. C. (1977). Exposure Characteristics of North Carolina Moped Riders. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Hunter, W. W.; Stutts, J. C. (1981). Bicycle Law Enforcement Manual. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Hunter, W. W.; Stutts, J. C. (1982). The Use of Economic Incentives to Modify Safety Belt Use Behavior. Paper presented at the 26th Annual Conference of the American Association for Automotive Medicine, Chapel Hill, NC.

Hunter, W. W.; Stutts, J. C.; Huang, H. F.; Edy, C.; Yates, C. (1996). Bicycling & Walking in North Carolina: A Long-Range Transportation Plan. Raleigh, NC: North Carolina Department of Transportation, Division of Bicycle and Pedestrian Transportation.

Hunter, W. W.; Stutts, J. C.; Pein, W. E. (1996). Pedestrian Crash Types: A 1990’s Informational Guide (FHWA RD-96-163). Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Hunter, W. W.; Stutts, J. C.; Pein, W. E.; Cox, C. L. (1996). Pedestrian and Bicycle Crash Types of the Early 1990’s (FHWA-RD-95-163). McLean, VA: Federal Highway Administration.

Hunter, W. W.; Stutts, J. C.; Stewart, J. R.; Rodgman, E. A. (1990). Characteristics of Seat Belt Users and Non-Users in a State with a Mandatory Belt Use Law. Health education research, 5(2), 161-173. doi:10.1093/her/5.2.161

Hunter, W. W.; Thomas, L. J.; Stewart, J. R. (2001). Kill Your Speed: An Evaluation of a Rural Speed Enforcement Program. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Hunter, W. W.; Thomas, L. J.; Stutts, J. C. (2006). BIKESAFE: Bicycle Countermeasure Selection System. Washington, DC: Federal Highway Administration.

Hunter, W. W.; Thomas, L.J.; Srinivasan, R.; Martell, C. (2010). Evaluation of Shared Lane Markings. Washington DC: Federal Highway Administration.

Hunter, W. W.; Woodward, A. R. (1985). Seat Belt Incentive Programs: An Extension to Three North Carolina High Schools. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Ivey, D. L.; Zegeer, C. V. (2004). Strategies. In Utilities and Roadside Safety. State of the Art Report, pp. 18-21. Washington, D.C.: Transportation Research Board.

Johns, T. R.; Allen, J. A. (1971). Driver License Road Testing. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Johnson, R. D.; Fischer, W. C.; Hamilton, E. G.; Council, F. M. (1976). Highway Safety Improvements Through Utilization of Merged Accident and Roadway Data (Vol. 1). Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Johnson, R. D.; Fischer, W. C.; Hamilton, E. G.; Council, F. M. (1976). Highway Safety Improvements Through Utilization of Merged Accident and Roadway Data: Final Report (Vol. 2). Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Khattak, A. J.; Kantor, P.; Council, F. M. (1998). The Role of Adverse Weather in Roadway Crashes and Injury Severity: Implications for Intelligent Transportation Systems. Transportation research record, 1621, 10-19. doi:10.3141/1621-02

Khattak, A. J.; Khattak, A. I.; Council, F. M. (2002). Effects of Work Zone Presence on Injury and Non-Injury Crashes. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 34(1), 19-29. doi:10.1016/S0001-4575(00)00099-3

Khattak, A. J.; Teague, C.; Pan, X.; Fan, Y.; Rodriguez, D. A. (2008). Economic Impact of Traffic Incidents on North Carolina’s Interstate Facilities. Washington DC: Federal Highway Administration.

King, M. (2002). Bicycle Facility Selection: A Comparison of Approaches. Chapel Hill, NC: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center of the UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Kirley, B.; Foss, R. D.; Goodwin, A.; O’Brien, N.; Harrell, S. (2012). Investigating a Unique Motorcycle Crash Cluster and Planning Evidence-Based Interventions. Paper presented at the 2012 Joint Annual Meeting of the Safe States Alliance and CDC Core Violence and Injury Prevention Program. Also presented at the 93rd Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board (2014).

Knoblauch, R.; Nitzberg, M.; Reinfurt, D. W.; Council, F. M.; Zegeer, C. V.; Popkin, C. (1994). Traffic Operations Control for Older Drivers (FHWA RD-94-119. GPO MF 0982-G-11 PB95-198370 NTIS). McLean, VA: Federal Highway Administration.

Knoblauch, R.; Nitzberg, M.; Reinfurt, D. W.; Council, F. M.; Zegeer, C. V.; Popkin, C. (1996). Traffic Operations Control for Older Drivers and Pedestrians (FHWA RD-95-169). McLean, VA: Federal Highway Administration.

Knuiman, M.; Council, F. M.; Reinfurt, D. W. (1993). The Association of Median Width and Highway Accident Rates (FHWA-RD-93-046). McLean, VA: Federal Highway Administration.

Knuiman, M.; Council, F. M.; Reinfurt, D. W. (1993). The Association of Median Width and Highway Accident Rates. Transportation research record(1401), 70-82.

Korve, H. W.; Ogden, B. D.; Siques, J. T.; Mansel, D. M.; Richards, H. A.; Gilbert, S.; Boni, E.; Butchko, M.; Stutts, J. C.; Hughes, R. G. (2001). Light Rail Service: Pedestrian and Vehicular Safety (69). Washington, DC: Transportation Research Board.

Krizek, K. J.; Hunter, W. W.; Tharpe, D.; Gillenwater, Z. (2006). Guidelines for Analysis of Investments in Bicycle Facilities (NCHRP Report 552). Washington, D.C.: Transportation Research Board.

Krull, K. A.; Khattak, A. J.; Council, F. M. (2000). Injury Effects of Rollovers and Events Sequence in Single-Vehicle Crashes. Transportation research record, 1717, 46-54. doi:10.3141/1717-07

Lacey, J. H.; Jones, R. K. (1991). Assessment of Changes in DWI Enforcement Level. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Lacey, J. H.; Marchetti, L. M.; Stewart, J. R.; Murphy, P. V.; Jones, R. K. (1990). Combining Enforcement and Public Information to Deter DWI: The Experience in Three Communities. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Lacey, J. H.; Stewart, J. R.; Council, F. M. (1979). Techniques for Predicting High-Risk Drivers for Alcohol Countermeasures: Volume I.  Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Lacey, J. H.; Stewart, J. R.; Jones, R. K. (1991). Cost-Benefit Analysis of Administrative License Suspensions (NTIS PB91-192831). Washington, DC: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.

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Srinivasan, R.; Carter, D.; Smith, S.; Lan, B. (2014). Safety Evaluation of Converting Traffic Signals from Incandescent to LED Bulbs. Transportation research record(2398), 9-18.

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Stutts, J. C. (2000). Sleep Deprivation Countermeasures for Motorist Safety. National Cooperative Highway Research Program Synthesis of Highway Practice(287).

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Stutts, J. C.; Hunter, W. W. (1999). Injuries to Pedestrians and Bicyclists: An Analysis Based on Hospital Emergency Department Data.  Washington, DC: Federal Highway Administration.

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Stutts, J. C.; Feaganes, J. R.; Rodgman, E. A.; Hamlett, C.; Reinfurt, D. W.; Gish, K.; Mercadante, M.; Staplin, Loren. (2003). The Causes and Consequences of Distraction in Everyday Driving. Paper presented at the 47th Annual Meeting of the Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine.

Stutts, J. C.; Foss, R. D.; Svoboda, C. (2004). Characteristics of Older Motorcyclist Crashes. Paper presented at the 48th Annual Meeting of the Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine.

Stutts, J. C.; Huang, H. F.; Hunter, W. W. (2002). Cell Phone Use While Driving in North Carolina. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

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Stutts, J. C.; Hunter, W. W. (1999). Motor Vehicle and Roadway Factors in Pedestrian and Bicyclist Injuries: An Examination Based on Emergency Department Data. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 31(5), 505-514. doi:10.1016/S0001-4575(99)00007-X

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Stutts, J. C.; Martell, C. (1992). An Examination of Motorcyclist Injuries and Costs Using North Carolina Motor Vehicle Crash and Trauma Registry Data. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

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Stutts, J. C.; Stewart, J. R.; Martell, C. A. (1998). Cognitive Test Performance and Crash Risk in an Older Driver Population. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 30(3), 337-346. doi:10.1016/S0001-4575(97)00108-5

Stutts, J. C.; Stewart, J. R.; Van Heusen-Causey, S. (2000). An Evaluation of Restricted Licensing for North Carolina’s Older Drivers. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Stutts, J. C.; Thomas, L. J. (2002). Educating Young Drivers in North Carolina: A Review of Current Practices. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

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Stutts, J. C.; Wilkins, J. W.; Vaughn, B. V. (1999). Why Do People Have Drowsy Driving Crashes? Input from Drivers Who Just Did. Washington, DC: AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety.

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Ullman, G. L.; Finley, M. D.; Bryden, J. E.; Srinivasan, R.; Council, F. M. (2009). Traffic Safety Evaluation of Nighttime and Daytime Work Zones (NCHRP Report 627).  Washington, DC: Transportation Research Board.

UNC Highway Safety Research Center. (1974). A Plan for Pedestrian and Bicycle Traffic Safety Programs in North Carolina. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Program.

UNC Highway Safety Research Center; Westat; Vanasse Hangen Brustlin Incorporated. (2010). Pedestrian Safety Program Strategic Plan. Washington, DC: Federal Highway Administration.

Van Houten, R.; Malenfant, J. E. (1999). Canadian Research on Pedestrian Safety. (FHWA-RD-99-090). Washington DC: Federal Highway Administration.

Vaughn, A.; Ball, S. C.; Linnan, L. A.; Marchetti, L. M.; Hall, W. L.; Ward, D. S. (2009). Promotion of Walking for Transportation: A Report from the Walk to School Day Registry. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 6(3), 281-288.

Vilardo, F. J. (1972). Vehicle Damage Scale for Traffic Accident Investigators: An Investigation of Its Use and Potential for Predicting Driver Injury. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Villaveces, A.; Garrison, H. G.; Smith, J. L.; King, J. P.; Bowling, J. M.; Rodgman, E. A. (2011). Effect of a Postviolation Driver Improvement Class on Traffic Convictions and Crashes. Traffic Injury Prevention, 12(5), 432-437. doi:10.1080/15389588.2011.601370

Viner, J. G.; Council, F. M.; Stewart, J. R. (1994). Frequency and Severity of Crashes Involving Roadside Safety Hardware by Vehicle Type. Transportation research record(1468).

Wagner, L. (2013). Using Health Impact Assessments to Evaluate Bicycle and Pedestrian Plans. Chapel Hill, NC: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center.

Waller, P. F. (1969). Highway Safety: Anatomy of a Problem (Vol. 1). Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Waller, P. F. (1970). Alcohol and Highway Safety (Vol. 3). Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Waller, P. F. (1972). Aging and Highway Safety: The Elderly in a Mobile Society (Vol. 7). Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Waller, P. F. (1972). An Analysis of Motorcycle Accidents with Recommendations for Licensing and Operation. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Waller, P. F. (1974). Highway Safety Programs: How Do We Know They Work? (Vol. 10). Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Waller, P. F. (1981). Guidelines for State Driver License Programs. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Waller, P. F.; Barry, P. Z. (1969). Seat Belts: A Comparison of Observed and Reported Use. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Waller, P. F.; Council, F. M.; Hall, W. L. (1984). Potential Safety Aspects of the Use of Larger Trucks on North Carolina Highways. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Waller, P. F.; Foley, J. P.; Jeffrey, D. W. (1972). Stress and Driving: The Relationship Between Life Crisis Experiences and a Sudden Deterioration in Driving Record. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Waller, P. F.; Hall, R. G.; Lowery, H. A.; Nathan, L. B. G. (1976). Development and Evaluation of the North Carolina Pictorial Oral Driver License Examinations. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Waller, P. F.; Li, L. K.; Campbell, B. J.; Herman, M. L. (1977). Safety Belts: The Uncollected Dividends. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Waller, P. F.; Li, L. K.; Stewart, J. R. (1983). Evaluation of the Effect of Perception of Risk Messages on Observed Safety Belt Usage. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Waller, P. F.; Reinfurt, D. W. (1969). Bicycles: An Analysis of Accidents in North Carolina. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Waller, P. F.; Reinfurt, D. W.; Freeman, J. L.; Imrey, P. B. (1974). Methods for Measuring Exposure to Automobile Accidents.

Waller, P. F.; Runyan, C. W.; Perry, P. E.; Rodgman, E. A.; Rudisill, L. C.; Smith, S. (1986). Injury Control Case Study: Assessing the Impact of Increasing the Drinking Age on Motor Vehicle Injuries. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Wang, J.; Council, F. M. (1999). Estimating Truck-Rollover Crashes on Ramps by Using a Multistate Database. Transportation research record, 1686, 29-35. doi:10.3141/1686-05

Wang, J.; Hughes, W. E.; Stewart, J. R. (1998). Safety Effects of Cross-Section Design for Rural, Four-Lane, Non-Freeway Highways (FHWA-RD-98-071).  McLean, VA:

Wang, J.; Hughes, W. E.; Stewart, J. R. (1998). Safety Effects of Cross-Section Design for Rural, Four-Lane, Non-Freeway Highways. Paper presented at the International Symposium on Highway Design Practices.

Wells, J. K.; Greene, M. A.; Foss, R. D.; Ferguson, S. A.; Williams, A. F. (1995). Drivers with High BACs Missed at Sobriety Checkpoints.  Arlington, VA:

Wells, J. K., Greene, M. A.; Foss, R. D.; Ferguson, S. A.; Williams, A. F. (1997). Drinking Drivers Missed at Sobriety Checkpoints. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 58(5), 513-517. doi:10.15288/jsa.1997.58.513

Wells-Parker, E. (1993). Deterrence and Rehabilitation: Section 2 – Rehabilitation and Screening. Transportation Research Circular(408), 79-85 (Appendix D75B).

Wilkins, J. W.; Stutts, J. C.; Schatz, S. (1999). The Premature Reduction and Cessation of Driving: Preliminary Study of Women Who Choose Not To Drive or To Drive Infrequently. Transportation research record, 1693, 86-90. doi:10.3141/1693-13

Williams, A. F.; Reinfurt, D. W.; Wells, J. K. (1996). Increasing Seat Belt Use in North Carolina. Journal of Safety Research, 27(1), 33-41. doi:10.1016/0022-4375(95)00027-5

Williams, A. F.; Wells, J. K.; Foss, R. D. (1995). The North Carolina Governor’s Highway Safety Initiative: Initial Results from “Booze It and Lose It”. Paper presented at the 13th International Council on Alcohol, Drugs and Traffic Safety Conference.

Williams, A. F.; Wells, J. K.; Reinfurt, D. W. (1997). Characteristics and Opinions of North Carolina Residents Cited for Not Using Seat Belts. Journal of Traffic Medicine, 25(3-4), 71-76.

Williams, A. F.; Wells, J. K.; Reinfurt, D. W. (2001). Increasing Seat Belt Use in North Carolina. In R. C. Hornik (Ed.), Public Health Communication: Evidence for Behavior Change. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.

Williams, C. D.; Hamilton, E. G. (1990). Single Variable Tabulations, 1986-1989 North Carolina Accidents. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Williszowski, C. H.; Lacey, J. H.; Jones, R. K.; Marchetti, L. M.; Smith, E. J. (1998). Develop and Test Messages to Deter Drinking and Driving (DOT HS 808 726).  Washington, D.C.:

Wagner, L. (2013). Using Health Impact Assessments to Evaluate Bicycle and Pedestrian Plans. Chapel Hill, NC: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center.

Waller, P. F. (1969). Highway Safety: Anatomy of a Problem (Vol. 1). Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Waller, P. F. (1970). Alcohol and Highway Safety (Vol. 3). Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Waller, P. F. (1970). Highway and Traffic Safety: A Problem of Definition (Vol. 2).  Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Waller, P. F. (1972). Aging and Highway Safety: The Elderly in a Mobile Society (Vol. 7). Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Waller, P. F. (1972). An Analysis of Motorcycle Accidents with Recommendations for Licensing and Operation. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Waller, P. F. (1972). Crashworthiness: Safety Through Automotive Design. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Waller, P. F. (1974). Highway Safety Programs: How Do We Know They Work? (Vol. 10). Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Waller, P. F. (1981). Guidelines for State Driver License Programs. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Waller, P. F.; Barry, P. Z. (1969). Seat Belts: A Comparison of Observed and Reported Use. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Waller, P. F.; Council, F. M.; Hall, W. L. (1984). Potential Safety Aspects of the Use of Larger Trucks on North Carolina Highways. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Waller, P. F.; Foley, J. P.; Jeffrey, D. W. (1972). Stress and Driving: The Relationship Between Life Crisis Experiences and a Sudden Deterioration in Driving Record. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Waller, P. F.; Hall, R. G.; Lowery, H. A.; Nathan, L. B. G. (1976). Development and Evaluation of the North Carolina Pictorial Oral Driver License Examinations. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Waller, P. F.; Li, L. K.; Campbell, B. J.; Herman, M. L. (1977). Safety Belts: The Uncollected Dividends. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Waller, P. F.; Li, L. K.; Stewart, J. R. (1983). Evaluation of the Effect of Perception of Risk Messages on Observed Safety Belt Usage. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Waller, P. F.; Reinfurt, D. W. (1969). Bicycles: An Analysis of Accidents in North Carolina. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Waller, P. F.; Reinfurt, D. W.; Freeman, J. L.; Imrey, P. B. (1974). Methods for Measuring Exposure to Automobile Accidents. Presented at the 101st Annual Meeting, American Public Health Association.

Waller, P. F.; Runyan, C. W.; Perry, P. E.; Rodgman, E. A.; Rudisill, L. C.; Smith, S. (1986). Injury Control Case Study: Assessing the Impact of Increasing the Drinking Age on Motor Vehicle Injuries. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Wang, J.; Council, F. M. (1999). Estimating Truck-Rollover Crashes on Ramps by Using a Multistate Database. Transportation research record, 1686, 29-35. doi:10.3141/1686-05

Wang, J.; Hughes, W. E.; Stewart, J. R. (1998). Safety Effects of Cross-Section Design for Rural, Four-Lane, Non-Freeway Highways (FHWA-RD-98-071). McLean, VA: Federal Highway Administration.

Wang, J.; Hughes, W. E.; Stewart, J. R. (1998). Safety Effects of Cross-Section Design for Rural, Four-Lane, Non-Freeway Highways. Paper presented at the International Symposium on Highway Design Practices.

Wells, J. K.; Greene, M. A.; Foss, R. D.; Ferguson, S. A.; Williams, A. F. (1995). Drivers with High BACs Missed at Sobriety Checkpoints. Arlington, VA: Insurance Institute of Highway Safety.

Wells, J. K.; Greene, M. A.; Foss, R. D.; Ferguson, S. A.; Williams, A. F. (1997). Drinking Drivers Missed at Sobriety Checkpoints. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 58(5), 513-517. doi:10.15288/jsa.1997.58.513

Wells-Parker, E. (1993). Deterrence and Rehabilitation: Section 2 – Rehabilitation and Screening. Transportation Research Circular(408), 79-85 (Appendix D75B).

Wilkins, J. W.; Stutts, J. C.; Schatz, S. (1999). The Premature Reduction and Cessation of Driving: Preliminary Study of Women Who Choose Not To Drive or To Drive Infrequently. Transportation research record, 1693, 86-90. doi:10.3141/1693-13

Williams, A. F.; Reinfurt, D. W.; Wells, J. K. (1996). Increasing Seat Belt Use in North Carolina. Journal of Safety Research, 27(1), 33-41. doi:10.1016/0022-4375(95)00027-5

Williams, A. F.; Wells, J. K.; Foss, R. D. (1995, 1995). The North Carolina Governor’s Highway Safety Initiative: Initial Results from “Booze It and Lose It”. Paper presented at the 13th International Council on Alcohol, Drugs and Traffic Safety Conference.

Williams, A. F.; Wells, J. K.; Reinfurt, D. W. (1997). Characteristics and Opinions of North Carolina Residents Cited for Not Using Seat Belts. Journal of Traffic Medicine, 25(3-4), 71-76.

Williams, A. F.; Wells, J. K.; Reinfurt, D. W. (2001). Increasing Seat Belt Use in North Carolina. In R. C. Hornik (Ed.), Public Health Communication: Evidence for Behavior Change. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.

Williams, C. D.; Hamilton, E. G. (1990). Single Variable Tabulations, 1986-1989 North Carolina Accidents. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Williszowski, C. H.; Lacey, J. H.; Jones, R. K.; Marchetti, L. M.; Smith, E. J. (1998). Develop and Test Messages to Deter Drinking and Driving (DOT HS 808 726). Washington, DC: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.

Zaloshnja, E.; Miller, T.; Council, F. M.; Persaud, B. (2006). Crash Costs in the United States by Crash Geometry. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 38(4), 644-651.

Zaloshnja, E.; Miller, T.; Council, F. M.; Persaud, B. (2006). Segment Characteristics and Severity of Head-on Crashes on Two-Lane Rural Highways in Maine. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 38(4), 652-661.

Zegeer, C. V. (1990). Engineering and Physical Measures to Improve Pedestrian Safety. Paper presented at the Symposium on Effective Highway Accident Countermeasures.

Zegeer, C. V. (1991). Synthesis of Safety Research: Pedestrians. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Zegeer, C. V. (1994). Design and Safety of Pedestrian Facilities. Washington, DC: Institute of Transportation Engineers.

Zegeer, C. V. (2001). Setting Priorities for Reducing Utility Pole Crashes. Transportation Research Circular, Mobilized For Action and State, City and Utility Initiatives for Roadway Safety(E-C030), 9-31.

Zegeer, C. V.; Blomberg, R.; Henderson, D.; Masten, S.; Marchetti, L.; Levy, M. M.; Sandt, L.; Brown, A.; Stutts, J.; Thomas, L. J. (2008). Evaluation of Miami-Dade Pedestrian Safety Demonstration Project. Transportation research record(2073), 1-10.

Zegeer, C. V.; Bushell, M. (2012). Pedestrian Crash Trends and Potential Countermeasures from Around the World. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 44(1), 3-11.

Zegeer, C. V.; Carter, D. L.; Hunter, W. W.; Stewart, J. R.; Huang, H. F.; Do, A.; Sandt, L. S. (2007). Index for Assessing Pedestrian Safety at Intersections. Transportation research record(1982), 76-83.

Zegeer, C. V.; Council, F. M. (1992). Cross Sections. Compendium of Safety Effectiveness of Highway Design Features (Vol. III). McLean, VA: Federal Highway Administration.

Zegeer, C. V.; Council, F. M. (1993). Highway Design, Highway Safety, and Human Factors. Transportation Research Circular(414), 20-34.

Zegeer, C. V.; Council, F. M. (1995). Safety Relationships Associated with Cross-Sectional Roadway Elements. Transportation research record(1512), 29-36.

Zegeer, C. V.; Cynecki, M.; Fegan, J.; Gilleran, B.; Lagerwey, P.; Tan, C.; Works, B. (1994). FHWA Study Tour for Pedestrian and Bicyclist Safety in England, Germany, and the Netherlands (FHWA-PL-95-006. GPO 0982-G-21 (MF) PB97-159123 NTIS). McLean, VA: Federal Highway Administration.

Zegeer, C. V.; Harkey, D. L.; Huang, H. F. (1994). North Carolina bicycle facilities planning and design guidelines. Raleigh, NC: N.C. Dept. of Transportation.

Zegeer, C. V.; Harkey, D. L.; Huang, H. F. (1995). North Carolina pedestrian facilities planning and design guidelines. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Zegeer, C. V.; Hayward, J. C.; Heckman, M. L.; Twomey, J. M. (1991). Alignment. Compendium of Safety Effectiveness of Highway Design Features (Vol. III).(FHWA-RD-91-0045). McLean, VA: Federal Highway Administration.

Zegeer, C. V.; Henderson, D.; Blomberg, R.; Marchetti, L.; Masten, S.; Fan, Y.; Sandt, L.; Brown, A.; Stutts, J.; Thomas, L. J. (2008). Evaluation of Miami-Dade Pedestrian Safety Demonstration Project. (Final Report). Washington DC: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. 178 p.

Zegeer, C. V.; Henderson, D.; Blomberg, R.; Marchetti, L.; Masten, S.; Fan, Y.; Sandt, L.; Brown, A.; Stutts, J.; Thomas, L. J. (2008). Evaluation of the Miami-Dade Pedestrian Safety Demonstration Project (HS 810 964). Washington, DC: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.

Zegeer, C. V.; Huang, H. F.; Stewart, J. R.; Pfefer, R.; Wang, J. (1998). Effects of a Towaway Reporting Threshold on Crash Analysis Results (FHWA RD-98-114). Transportation research record, 1635, 49-57. Washington, DC: Federal Highway Administration. doi:10.3141/1635-07 

Zegeer, C. V.; Huang, H. F.; Stewart, J. R.; Williams, C. D. (1998). Investigation of National Highway System Roadways in the Highway Safety Information System States (FHWA RD-98-114). Washington, DC: Federal Highway Administration.

Zegeer, C. V.; Huang, H. F.; Stewart, J. R.; Williams, C. D. (1998). Investigation of National Highway System Roadways in the Highway Safety Information System States. Transportation research record, 1635, 1-9. doi:10.3141/1635-01

Zegeer, C. V.; Huang, H. F.; Stutts, J. C.; Rodgman, E. A.; Hummer, J. E.; Fruin, J. (1993). Characteristics and Solutions Related to Bus Transit Accidents (NTIS PB94151917WTS). Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Zegeer, C. V.; Huang, H. F.; Stutts, J. C.; Rodgman, E. A.; Hummer, J. E. (1994). Commercial Bus Accident Characteristics and Roadway Treatments. Transportation research record(1467).

Zegeer, C. V.; Hunter, W. W.; Staplin, L.; Bents, F.; Huey, R.; Barlow, J. (2012). White Papers for: ‘Toward Zero Deaths: A National Strategy on Highway Safety” — White Paper No. 5 — Safer Vulnerable Road Users: Pedestrians, Bicyclists, Motorcyclists, and Older Users. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Zegeer, C. V.; Lagerway, P. A.; Cynecki, M. J.; Ronkin, M.; Seiderman, C.; Ross, A. (2003). Recommended Priorities and Guidelines for Sidewalks and Walkways. Accident Reconstruction Journal, 4(4).

Zegeer, C. V.; Lagerway, P. A.; Huang, H. H.; Stewart, J. R. (2001). Safety Effects of Marked vs. Unmarked Crosswalks at Uncontrolled Locations: Executive Summary and Recommended Guidelines (FHWA-RD-01-075). McLean, VA: Federal Highway Administration.

Zegeer, C. V.; Marchetti, L. (2003). Growing Demand for Safe Walking and Bicycling: The Perspective of the Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Zegeer, C. V.; Martell, C. A.; Hummer, J. E.; Rasdorf, W.; Findley, D. J. (2012). Suggestions on How Agencies Should Apply the Highway Safety Manual to Two-Lane Road Curves. Paper presented at the Transportation Research Board 91st Annual Meeting.

Zegeer, C. V.; Nabors, D.; Lagerway, P. A. (2013). Pedestrian Safety Guide and Countermeasure Selection System. Washington DC: Federal Highway Safety Administration.

Zegeer, C. V.; Reinfurt, D. W.; Neuman, T.; Stewart, J. R.; Council, F. M. (1990). Safety Improvements on Horizontal Curves for Two-Lane Rural Roads: Informational Guide (FHWA-RD-90-074). McLean, VA: Federal Highway Administration.

Zegeer, C. V.; Sandt, L. S.; Scully, M.; Ronkin, M.; Cynecki, M.; Lagerwey P. A.; Chaney, H.; Schroeder, B.; Snyder, E. (2006). How to Develop a Pedestrian Safety Action Plan. (FHWA-SA-05-12). McLean, VA: Federal Highway Administration.

Zegeer, C. V.; Sandt, L. S.; Scully, M.; Ronkin, M.; Cynecki, M.; Lagerwey P. A.; Chaney, H.; Schroeder, B.; Snyder, E. (2006). How to Develop a Pedestrian Safety Action Plan, Revised. (FHWA-SA-05-12). McLean, VA: Federal Highway Administration.

Zegeer, C. V.; Seiderman, C. B. (2001). Designing for Pedestrians. Paper presented at the Institute of Transportation Engineers 2001 Annual Meeting and Exhibit.

Zegeer, C. V.; Seiderman, C.; Lagerwey, P. A.; Cynecki, M.; Ronkin, M.; Schneider, R. (2002). Pedestrian Facilities Users Guide (FHWA-RD-01-102). McLean, VA: Federal Highway Administration.

Zegeer, C. V.; Srinivasan, R.; Carter, D.; Council, F.; Gross, F.; Sawyer, M.; Hauer, E.; Bonneson, J.; Bahar, G. (2013). Highway Safety Research Agenda: Infrastructure and Operations (NCHRP 756). Washington, DC: The National Academies.

Zegeer, C. V.; Stewart, J. R.; Council, F. M.; Neuman, T. R. (1994). Roadway Widths for Low-Traffic-Volume Roads (NCHRP Report No. 362). Washington, DC: Transportation Research Board.

Zegeer, C. V.; Stewart, J. R.; Council, F. M.; Reinfurt, D. W. (1991). Safety Effects of Geometric Improvements on Horizontal Curves. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

Zegeer, C. V.; Stewart, J. R.; Council, F. M.; Reinfurt, D. W.; Hamilton, E. G. (1992). Safety Effects of Geometric Improvements on Horizontal Curves. Transportation research record(1356).

Zegeer, C. V.; Stewart, J. R.; Huang, H. F.; Lagerwey, P. (2001). Safety Effects of Marked vs. Unmarked Crosswalks at Uncontrolled Locations: Analysis of Pedestrian Crashes in 30 Cities. Transportation research record, 1773, 56-68. doi:10.3141/1773-07

Zegeer, C. V.; Stewart, J. R.; Reinfurt, D. W.; Council, F. M.; Neuman, T.; Hamilton, E. G.; Miller, T.; Hunter, W. (1990). Cost-Effective Geometric Improvements for Safety Upgrading of Horizontal Curves (FHWA-RD-90-021). McLean, VA: Federal Highway Administration.

Zegeer, C. V.; Stutts, J. C.; Huang, H. F.; Cynecki, M. J.; Van Houten, R.; Alberson, B.; Pfefer, R.; Neuman, T.; Slack, K.; Hardy, K. (2004). A Guide for Reducing Collisions Among Pedestrians (Vol. 10). Washington, D.C.: Transportation Research Board.

Zegeer, C. V.; Stutts, J. C.; Huang, H. F.; Zhou, M.; Rodgman, E. A. (1993). Analysis of Elderly Pedestrian Accidents and Recommended Countermeasures. Transportation research record(1405), 56-63.

Zegeer, C. V.; Stutts, J. C.; Huang, H. F.; Zhou, M.; Rodgman, E. A. (1993). Prevention of Motor Vehicle Injuries to Elderly Pedestrians. Family & Community Health, 15(4), 38-56.

Zegeer, C. V.; Stutts, J. C.; Huang, H. F.; Zhou, M.; Rodgman, E. A. (1994). Current Trends in Crashes to Older Pedestrians and Related Safety Treatments in the United States. Paper presented at the International Conference on Strategic Highway Research Program (SHRP) and Traffic Safety on Two Continents.

Zegeer, C. V.; Stutts, J. C.; Hunter, W. W. (1992). Pedestrians and Bicyclists. Compendium of Safety Effectiveness of Highway Design Features (Vol. VI). (FHWA-RD-91-0049). McLean, VA: Federal Highway Administration.

Zegeer, C. V.; Stutts, J. C.; Hunter, W. W.; Pein, W. E.; Feske, C. D.; Cheeney, D.; McCarville, P.; Geiger, C. (1994). The National Bicycling and Walking Study: Transportation Choices for a Changing America (FHWA-PD-94-023). McLean, VA: Federal Highway Administration.

Zegeer, C. V.; Stutts, J. R.; Council, F. M.; Neuman, T. R. (1994). Accident Relationships of Roadway Width on Low-Volume Roads. Transportation research record(1445).

Zegeer, C. V.; Tan Esse, C. H.; Stewart, J. R.; Huang, H. F.; Lagerwey, P. (2003). Safety Effects of Marked vs. Unmarked Crosswalks at Uncontrolled Locations: Results from 30 Cities. Paper presented at the 2nd Urban Street Symposium, Anaheim CA.

Zegeer, C. V.; Tan Esse, C.; Stewart, J. R.; Huang, H. F.; Lagerwey, P. A. (2004). Safety Analysis of Marked versus Unmarked Crosswalks in 30 Cities. ITE Journal 74(1), 34-41.

Zegeer, C. V.; Williams, C. (1994). Calculation of Accident Rates by Roadway Class for HSIS States. (NTIS PB94-207222). Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Highway Safety Research Center.

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