HSRC 40th Anniversary
The speakers at the symposium will be:
Forrest M. Council, Ph.D.
UNC Highway Safety Research Center
Forrest M. Council is a Senior Research Scientist at both the UNC Highway Safety Research Center and at VHB, a transportation engineering firm headquartered in Watertown, Massachusetts. He served as Director of the Center from 1993 until his retirement in 1999. In his current positions, his time is solely dedicated to research. Dr. Council's degrees are in Civil (Transportation) Engineering and his training is in accident research methodologies. He received master's and doctorate degrees from N.C. State University in Civil Engineering, with a traffic engineering specialty and a statistical minor.
Dr. Council has worked for 37 years at the Highway Safety Research Center where he has served as a project director for over 20 projects and has authored more than 100 articles and reports. His project experience ranges from studies of motor vehicle injury for specific subpopulations (children, beginning drivers, seat belted occupants) to projects aimed at identifying, and strengthening research methodologies in the roadway safety field (including the development of FHWA’s Accident Research Manual). A significant component of his work over the past eighteen years has involved directing the planning, development and implementation of U. S. Federal Highway Administration's Highway Safety Information System – a nine-state data base which captures accident, traffic, and roadway inventory variables for use in FHWA internal and contract research activities. He was a co-recipient of both the 1994 and 1995 D. Grant Mickle Awards for Best Paper in the area of operation, safety and maintenance presented by the Transportation Research Board.
Dr. Council’s research activities have been recognized on a national level by appointments as chairman and/or member of several committees and boards. These include the Chairmanship of the Transportation Research Board Committee on Methodology for Evaluating Highway Improvements, membership on the Board of Directors and Editorial Board and Chairmanship of the Scientific Program Committee of the Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine; Chairman of the Federal Highway Administration (US DOT) Review Panel on Future Safety Research Needs; and member of TRB, NCHRP and DOT advisory panels related to enforcement training for occupant research activities, the study of large truck safety data needs, highway related countermeasure analysis, occupant restraint research needs, the safety relationship between vehicle configuration and highway design, guidance on setting and enforcing speed limits, and safe and cost-effective roadside slope design. He currently serves as chair of the TRB Committee on Research Priorities and Coordination in Highway Infrastructure and Operations Safety and the TRB Strategic Highway Safety Program (SHRP II) Safety Technical Coordinating Committee. As a result of his career research efforts in safety research, he was appointed to membership on the Research and Technology Coordinating Committee (RTCC) by the Transportation Research Board in 1996. He continued to serve on this committee which provides guidance to FHWA on its overall highway research program until 2002.
Bruce Simons-Morton, Ed.D., M.P.H.
National Institute of Child Health and Human Development
Bruce Simons-Morton is Chief of the Prevention Research Branch in the Division of Epidemiology, Statistics, and Prevention Research at the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, NIH, where he directs a program of research on child and adolescent health behavior. He is the author of over 100 scientific papers, three books and 20 book chapters. Simons-Morton received his Master of Science from San Diego State University, his Master of Public Health from Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and his doctorate in education from the University of Northern Colorado
Dr. Simons-Morton’s research on teen driving has included both observational studies of teen driving risks and intervention studies evaluating interventions to prevent motor vehicle crashes among novice teenagers. Some of the important findings from observational studies reported by Dr. Simons-Morton and his group include the following: the presence of a male teenage passenger increases the risky driving behavior of teenage drivers; novice teens perform poorly on intersection tasks compared with experience adults drivers; teenagers whose parents set limits on their initial driving privileges report less risky driving and fewer tickets and crashes during the first year of driving.
In collaboration with the Virginia Tech Transportation Institute, Dr. Simons-Morton is leading the naturalistic investigation of novice teen driving risk in the 40-Car Study, in which the vehicles of 40 novice teen drivers are instrumented for 18 months from the time of licensure. This study will provide information about how driving performance improves over time and varies under various driving conditions, such as in the presence of teen passengers. A series of randomized controlled trials have established the efficacy of the Checkpoints Program in improving parental management of newly-licensed teens and improving driving outcomes. The Checkpoints Program includes a unique combination of persuasive messages to foster adoption and maintenance of a parent-teen driving agreement.
Ezra Hauer, Ph.D.
University of Toronto
Dr. Ezra Hauer is a Professor Emeritus in the Department of Civil Engineering at the University of Toronto where he has earned international renown as an innovator in engineering principles. Hauer has been active in road safety research and consulting since 1970. He completed his bachelor’s and master’s degrees in Israel, and later received his doctorate from the University of California, Berkeley.
Hauer has gained an international reputation for his scientific rigor and practical understanding in the study of the relationships between roadway design and safety. In addition to developing new statistical methods and theories, he has excelled in translating statistical theory into techniques useful for practicing engineers and researchers alike. His book, Observational Before-After Studies in Road Safety (Pergamon 1997), provides invaluable guidance to state and federal transportation agencies as well as to the research community. Recent and ongoing projects include work on safety improvements at signalized intersections, safety effects of resurfacing roads, safety analysis of roadway geometry and contributions to the Canadian Geometric Design Guide. Hauer’s contributions have changed the way that organizations evaluate highway improvements.
A member of several TRB committees and panels since the mid-1980s, Hauer served on the Committee for the Study of Geometric Design Standards, Committee for the Study of the Regulation of Weights, Lengths and Widths of Commercial Motor Vehicles. He was a member and chairman of the Committee on Methodology for Evaluating Highway Improvements and also served on the Committee to Review Research Methods Used to Study the Effects of Raising and Lowering Speed Limits. Hauer currently is an Emeritus Member of the Committee on Safety Data, Analysis and Evaluation and on the National Cooperative Highway Research Program panel on the Effect of Median Width and Slope on the Frequency and Severity of Cross-Median Accidents on Rural Roadways.
Hauer has published numerous articles, papers and reports and has received many honors. Most notably, Hauer received the Roy W. Crum Award, the highest honor bestowed by the Transportation Research Board, for his outstanding contributions to developing and using statistical and experimental methods in transportation design and safety. He was a director on the Transportation Safety Council of the Institute of Transportation Engineers (ITE) from 1993 to 1995, and he received the ITE Transportation Safety Award in 1993. He has served as vice president and president of the Canadian Association of Road Safety Professionals, and chaired the International Committee of Symposia on Traffic and Transportation Theory.
Information for Hauer biography gathered from The U.S. National Academies Transportation Research Board Roy W. Crum Award Citation