Arthur Goodwin, M.A.
Senior Research Associate
Arthur Goodwin joined HSRC in 2001. His research interests and experience include young driver safety, graduated driver licensing (GDL), distracted driving and cell phones, drinking and driving, and occupant protection.
In the area of young drivers, Arthur has examined the magnitude and nature of the effect of GDL on young driver crashes, the degree of teen compliance with GDL restrictions, methods to facilitate parental management and supervision of beginning drivers, and the role of both parents and police in enforcing restrictions. In his current work, Arthur is the principal investigator for a project, funded by the AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety, to investigate how parents supervise their teens' driving during the learner stage of GDL. The study involves regular interviews with 50 families as they progress through the learner stage. In addition, cameras were installed in the vehicles of these families to capture information that could not be obtained by self-report. In an extension of the original project, Arthur has continued following the 50 families once teens make the transition to independent driving.
On the topic of distracted driving, Arthur has examined both the short and long-term effects of North Carolina's cell phone restriction for teen drivers. Presently, Arthur is principal investigator on a project that examines whether cell phone use among young drivers can be influenced through a "social norms" approach. Normative information about teen cell phone use while driving is being distributed through high schools and social media (e.g., Facebook). Rather than drawing attention to the restriction and penalties, program messages underscore the relative infrequency with which most teenagers talk on a cell phone while driving. The study is funded by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.
Among other projects, Arthur provides yearly updates to NHTSA's Countermeasures that Work, a highway safety countermeasure guide for state highway safety offices. Arthur is also lead author of the Guide for Reducing Alcohol-Related Collisions and the Guide to Reducing Young Driver Crashes, both for the Transportation Research Board to support implementation of the AASHTO Strategic Highway Safety Plan. Arthur is a member of the TRB Committee on Operator Education and Regulation. He holds a master's degree in clinical psychology from the University of Missouri-Columbia.